There is growing interest in the potential benefits of meditation and wellness. Of particular interest are meditation practices, namely mindfulness in terms of counteracting some of the cognitive effects associated with aging. Studies using attention on breath, namely mindfulness meditation show positive results in cognitive function which includes executive control and emotion regulation. One study of particular interest was conducted in older adults, by means of studying behavioral and electrophysiological changes. The conclusion of this study showed that even taking up meditation later in life can have a benefit on cognitive functions.
Links to the Research:
Malinowski, P., Moore, A. W., Mead, B. R. & Gruber, T. (in press). Mindful Aging: The effects of regular brief mindfulness practice on electrophysiological markers of cognitive and affective processing in older adults. Mindfulness doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0482-8 Copyright Note: The article is published under creative commons license Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Strenziok M1, Parasuraman R, Clarke E, Cisler DS, Thompson JC, Greenwood PM.Neurocognitive enhancement in older adults: comparison of three cognitive training tasks to test a hypothesis of training transfer in brain connectivity. Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15;85 Pt 3:1027-39. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.069. Epub 2013 Aug 6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23933474